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Empirical Resources

The Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole publishes this compilation of research links for informational purposes only. The Board is not responsible for any errors or omissions herein, and this website is not to be cited, for any purpose whatsoever.

All links are to PDF files.

Evidence-Based Practices

Applying EBP to Community Corrections Supervision

Effective Practices in Community Supervision (EPICS)

Responsive Supervision Meta Analysis CJB - October 2015

Behavioral Interventions to Improve Outcomes in Community Corrections February 2011

Risk Need Responsivity in the Real World by Bonta et al. - April 2010

Theory To Practice What Works in EBP

Implementing Evidence Based Practice in Community Corrections: The Principles of Effective Intervention | February 2004

Risk-Need-Responsivity Model for Offender Assessment and Rehabilitation 2007-06 Public Safety Canada | 2007 

What Works in Reducing Recidivism? 

Wide-Scale Implementation of the Strategic Training Initiative in Community supervision (STICS) - Bonta

Evidence-Based Correctional Practices | 2007

What Works? Evidence Based Practices in Parole and Probation | 2007 

Probation’s Growing Caseloads and Workload Allocation: Strategies for Managerial Decision Making | 2007

Motivational Interviewing for Probation Officers: Tipping the Balance Toward Change (adapted from the NIC monograph, Talking with Offenders about Change: Integrating Motivational Strategies into Community Corrections) | June 2006

Putting Public Safety First: 13 Strategies for Successful Supervision and Reentry | December 2008

Treatment and Programs Research

CBT for Offenders

Reducing Mental Health Recidivism

Bonta-STICS Evaluation

Cognitive Behavioral Treatment: A Review and Discussion for Correctional Professionals | 2007 

Motivating Offenders to Change | 2007 

Tools of the Trade: A Guide to Incorporating Science into Practice

Dealing with Parole Violations

What Differentiates Successful and Unsuccessful Parolees

When Offenders Break the Rules: Smart Responses to Probation and Parole Violations - Public Safety Policy Brief | 2007

When Offenders Break the Rules: Smart Responses to Probation and Parole Violations - Key Questions for Policy Makers and Practitioners | 2007


Other States' Research

Cost Effectiveness of EBP in Texas

EBP Evaluation in Maryland